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The Royal African Company and Empire

Although British imperialism didn’t start until the mid-nineteenth century, the Royal African Company shows how imperialist ideology was present in seventeenth century England. While the Royal African Company was primarily a trading company, it was also part of British agenda to “purchase lands along the coast of Africa and build forts and castles.” [1] The Royal African Company was used as a tool for the English to exploit the goods and services available in Africa and profit at the expense of other nations. The Royal African Company was the second attempt by the English monarchy to get involved in the African slave trade. In 1660, Charles II gave a royal charter to a group of men in New Y

Marijuana and Degeneracy: Not an American Invention

Drug prohibition is facing increasing scrutiny in the current century, especially as many countries begin to legalize formerly illicit substances. Notably, on October 17th, Canada began legal sale of cannabis for the recreational use of the adults of that country. But when considering the War on Drugs, the first thoughts that come to the minds of most are American policies, such as Ronald Reagan’s “Just Say No” campaign of the 1980’s, and even Controlled Substances Act of 1971. This leads many to believe that drug prohibition was an invention of the American government, a belief which is furthered by even the Wikipedia page of the subject which states that “the war on drugs is a campaign, le

Reviewing Sugata Bose

I might as well be honest with you: the title of this blog is essentially a lie. I will not really be reviewing A Hundred Horizons, not in the traditional sense. Rather, I will be talking about his worrisome coverage of the figure of Subhas Chandra Bose, a leader of an armed rebellion of Indians against the British Empire during the second world war and, fittingly, the author’s great uncle. First, though, I should probably briefly address the general point of the book. A Hundred Horizons is, in short, an attempt to focus in on the history of colonial subjects living along the Indian Ocean rim during the period in which the British empire dominated the region, and to examine its interconnecte

The Malmady Massacre: War Crimes, the SS, and a Lesson in Historical Revision

The Schutzstaffel (SS) was the ideological vanguard and independent armed forces of the Nazi Party. The men who filled its ranks were passionate ideologues and among Adolf Hitler’s most ardent disciples. As a result they were tasked with imposing Nazi racial policy onto the peoples of occupied Europe and to make Hitler’s dream of Lebensraum (living space) a reality. While not under the direct command of the German Wehrmacht, the Waffen SS and the army frequently cooperated. In 1939, as the German blitzkrieg roared over Poland, so called Einsatzgruppen or SS death squads followed in the army’s wake, murdering Jews, communists, and other political enemies. Again in 1941, as the army made i

Secession Commissioner's Role in the Creation of the Civil War

Historians attempt to explain different events and happenings through many lenses and with many interpretations. One event that has been highly contested with questions of why it occurred, for what reasons it was fought, and what reminisces and pieces of the battle mean today is the American Civil War. Interpretations like the Civil War was “fought over slavery” or “it was fought over states’ rights”, have created an intense rhetoric around this war. This question of “The Civil War was fought over what important issue?”, has been brought to the forefront of discussions by historians like Charles B. Dew in Apostles of Disunion.[1]There are many ideas surrounding why this war was fought includ

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