Janus is the undergraduate journal for history and the humanities at the University of Maryland, College Park. We seek to grant undergraduate students a voice in the academic world by providing them a chance to publish their work and to participate formally in scholarly debate.


Janus is the two-headed Roman god of beginnings and transitions. Janus looks both inside and outside, forward and backward. He looks to the beginning and to the end, to the past and to the future. He is the passing of space and time. His duality mirrors historical inquiry: studying the past in the context of the present.


Janus was created in the fall of 2000 by a group of undergraduate history students at the University of Maryland. Traditionally, Janus has followed the example of professional academic journals, featuring traditional thesis-driven student papers. After a lapse in publishing in the last few years, our team of editors and writers look to turn over a new leaf. Considering the past in our vision for the future, we continue to publish an online traditional journal at the end of every Fall and Spring semester. We are also committed to featuring the best papers from the required HIST 208 and 408 research seminars here at University of Maryland.


But now, you can read our weekly blogs as part of our established online content. Our team brings you content that includes current news articles, short history papers, thought-provoking pieces, interviews from the department, and more!


Looking back at the high-caliber publications preceding us and preparing for the semester ahead of us, we invite you to join Janus as we consider the past with an eye on the future. Welcome!



Oscar Saywell is a Senior History major. He is primarily interested in Medieval Social History, but loves to delve into Classical antiquity too. He has presented a paper on the power dynamics of elite Julio-Claudian women at CAAS 2019. He is currently completed his honours thesis on the origins of colourism in the field of Medieval history. He also serves as the Webmaster for JANUS. Outside of his studies, Oscar can be found on the football (soccer!) pitch or relaxing by reading, writing, and binging his favourite TV shows.

BLOG WRITER- Jessica Mahoney 

Jessica Mahoney is a Senior History and Education double major with double minors in Public Policy and Human Development. She is concentrated in Antebellum and Civil War American history but also has a love for Gilded Age political history. In addition, Jessica is interested in pursuing research in education policy and recently completed a paper focused on the influence of Confederate sympathizers on the development of education curricula in the southern states. Outside of academics she is the President of the department’s History Undergraduate Association, and enjoys spending time outdoors and practicing her photography and painting skills. 


Alan Clingan is a Blog Writer for JANUS and a Senior History major, Global Poverty minor, and fellow of the Global Fellows Program. His main interest is in African colonialism but also has a soft spot for 1850-1919 German and Eastern European history and is more than happy to follow his curiosity. Other than thinking about history, economics, or politics he enjoys reading, writing, board games, tennis, and piano.

EDITOR- Christine Liu

Christine Liu is a Junior international relations and economics double major, focusing on U.S.-East Asian relations and great power competitions. She is greatly interested in Medieval European and Japanese history, as well as art history. Outside of academics, she is an ardent fan of murder mysteries and true crime.


Chad Slater is a Junior Violin Performance and History double major. His main history focus is European history from the early modern to present day, but in particular finds French history extremely fascinating. While not doing history classes or research he can probably be found practicing violin at the Clarice or at an internship on the Hill.

EDITOR- Rigby Philips

Rigby Philips is a Senior history major with a focus on gender and sexuality. She is currently researching an Honors thesis on infant mortality in early 20th-century Appalachia and working on an exhibition about the history of voting rights in the U.S. When she isn’t talking about the messy race and class politics of the American women’s suffrage movement, you can find her baking, arranging charcuterie, and dancing to the Mamma Mia soundtrack.

EDITOR and BLOG WRITER- Rebecca Mollet

Rebecca Mollet is a Junior majoring in Government & Politics and History and minoring in Law & Society and Philosophy. She is most interested in studying elections and political representation, and enjoys studying this in her free time. Rebecca also participates in Phi Alpha Delta pre-law fraternity and Parliamentary Debate.

BLOG WRITER- Matthew Overton

 Matthew Overton is a senior majoring in history with a concentration on American history (focusing on the American Revolution/Early Republic). He is also involved in Club Dodgeball and the Terrapin Trail Club. His hobbies include hiking, reading history/science fiction, writing on his personal blog, and profusely updating his Letterboxd on the exorbitant amount of movies he watches. 


EDITOR and BLOG WRITER- Peter Roberts

Peter is a senior history major with a concentration in Eastern European history. His favorite subject is Byzantium, so never mention it around him unless you want an hour long conversation about it. Early Christianity also fascinates him, and his fantasy job would be on Mount Athos cataloging the countless ancient relics there. When he isn't lamenting the conquest of Constantinople, Peter is usually reading, wasting his time playing video games, or listening to metal.

EDITOR and BLOG WRITER- Michelle Castro

Michelle Castro is a Senior History and Philosophy Double Major with a Minor in International Development and Conflict Management. She is interested in Ancient, Medieval, and general European history, and is currently invested in writing her senior honors thesis on why there should be a written British constitution. As a cinephile, Michelle loves to watch any movie she can get her hands on, and loves to cook and play music. On a nice day, she loves to go out exploring D.C and Maryland with friends. 

Clay Capra is a Senior History major with a double minor in Latin and Middle East Studies. He is primarily interested in Medieval History, but he also has a soft spot for ancient Carthage. He can often be found praising Hannibal Barca as the greatest anti-imperialist in ancient history. When he isn’t thinking about history, he spends his time writing his novel, playing Dungeons & Dragons, or visiting his home state, Georgia.



Kevin is a senior history and materials engineering double major. His main interest is 20th Century European history, specifically the history of Germany from the Versailles Treaty to the conclusion of the Cold War.  He is also fascinated by American foreign policy towards Europe after World War II and  is currently writing a senior thesis focusing on American efforts to denazify and incorporate former officers of the Wehrmacht into the Bundeswehr.  Outside of history Kevin enjoys reading, writing, and is an avid sports fan. 



Madison Bee is a senior history major with a concentration in early American History. Her senior honor’s thesis is about the change in price of slaves after the creation of the cotton gin. She is additionally interested in the Middle East and the Holocaust. Her on campus activities include the triathlon team, PSE professional business fraternity, and the Food Recovery Network.


Paige is a former Junior History and Government and Politics double major with a minor in Sustainability Studies. She completed her senior honors thesis on the complexity of loyalties during the American Revolution and its relations to espionage. She is also interested in colonial violence and its development through the modern age. Paige is also involved in Sigma Kappa Sorority and the University Student Judiciary on campus.



Justin Hawkins is a former a Senior History major and Art History minor. He wrote his Senior Thesis on mob violence and party politics in Baltimore from the 1830s through the 1850s. Hawkins was a member of the Maryland Academic Quiz Team, which competes both regionally and nationally in buzzer based, intercollegiate quiz competitions.

Luncheon of the Boating Party.jpg


Tahira Ismail is a former senior History and Anthropology double major., concentrating in British and Western Europe. She completed her Senior thesis on the memory of colonialism among the post-colonial generations in Sri Lanka. Tahira was also involved in Phi Alpha Theta, The History Undergraduate Association, Alpha Phi Omega, and America Reads. 


Sydney Heise is a former senior history major with a concentration in American History. Her thesis focused on suburban drug use and local governmental response in Montgomery County. She is additionally interested in the American Revolution. Outside of history, you can find Sydney advocating for harm reduction drug policies.



Charlotte is a recent graduate from the University of Maryland with a B.A. in History. She recently spent a summer interning with the video game company Blizzard Entertainment as a writer, and currently works with Game Knight Studios developing the party-management game Traded Blades. When she's not playing Dungeons & Dragons, Charlotte can probably be found extolling the Mongol Empire's policy of religious toleration to anyone who'll listen.


David Malamud is a former History, Jewish Studies, and Classics triple major, focusing on Classical and ancient Jewish history. In his dwindling free time, David is the consul of The Classics Club, the president of Tzabim: the Jewish Studies Student Association, a research assistant for Dr. Lapin and his Digital Mishnah Project, and is highly involved at Maryland Hillel. Last summer, David was an intern at the Biblical Archaeology Society and this summer will accompany Dr. Bravo to the CHS's field school in Kenchreai, Greece and will continue research with Dr. Lapin.


Aaron Gladstone is a former GVPT and History double major with a minor in Philosophy.  His studies primarily focus on American political history and American law.  He is an alumnus of Honors Humanities program, where he served on the student council and conducted research on American instances of political nullification and secession.  He is a four-year veteran of the Mighty Sound of Maryland and the Maryland Pep band where he plays the trumpet.



Dr. Saverio Giovacchini


Dr. Phillip Soergel


Dr. David Freund